Risks and Complications of Cosmetic Surgery

Cosmetic surgery is a medical procedure of correction of any part of the body.

As Many people may not very happy or mentally convinced about the certain features of their body. And they wish to change the shape or size of that feature to get a better look. So, they take the help of cosmetic surgery to get the changes successfully. If surgery performed by a well experienced cosmetic surgeon, the results of a cosmetic surgery are very impressive and convincing.

As Cosmetic surgery is a surgery and there are some health risks involved too, and you must be aware of that risks before to undergoing the surgery.

Cosmetic Surgery Risks and Complications

The main objective of cosmetic surgery is to correct body feature problems and make the looks better. Any type of surgery is associated with certain complications and risks. So, it is important to understand the risks and damages of cosmetic surgery that may worsen of the problems, rather than correction.

Following are the main risks of cosmetic surgery:

Risk of Anesthesia

Complications may be arise due to anesthesia given before the actual cosmetic surgical procedure. Anesthesia risks can be of respiratory disorders, allergic reactions, brain damage, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, coma and may be death of the person. People who are overweight or suffering with heart or lung diseases are at a higher risk of developing anesthesia complications.

The risks of reactions to anesthesia and medications used during the plastic surgery procedure are the same as with other surgeries.


In any surgical procedure there is always a chance of infection. Because of the antibiotics given to the person undergoing surgery, infection in cosmetic surgery is very rare. But if an infection occur, it is a cause for great concern. People who regularly taking steroids and heavy smokers are at a greater risk of infection than others. And people who have a weaker immune system are also at the risk of infections than others.


Any cut made on the skin leave a scar. Skilled plastic surgeon always try their best to hiding scars in little seen areas, such as under the hair, behind the ears and in the skin folds. But there are many who can not. The amount of scarring you have is determined by your body and the placement of incisions.

Excess Bleeding

The bleeding is normal concern during any type of surgery including cosmetic surgery. Many plastic surgery procedures are skin deep where the capillaries are located. Excessive bleeding may occur and it is the main issue during surgery, which may causes low blood pressure and other health complications. Such conditions requires immediate medical help.

Blood Loss

Negative effects of the cosmetic surgery can also caused to huge amounts of blood loss during the surgery procedure. It may also lead to organ failure in certain cases.


Men have more capillaries in the facial region than women and therefore men generally experience more bruising with facial surgeries. There will be bruising and swelling immediately after the plastic surgery. You will look worse and will be at normal after few days.

Blood Clots

Blood Clotting is another complication in cosmetic surgery, mostly in the veins. People who are overweight and people who have health problems especially heart, nervous system or breathing are more at risk for blood clots. Blood Clots may also happen after the cosmetic surgery if staying for long hours in a particular position.


Seroma – a collection of fluids under the skin is very common. It is so common that surgeons place drainage tubes in the incisions to attempt to prevent this.


Aspiration (vomitting) during cosmetic surgery, which at times, makes its way to the lungs, leads to chronic cough, possible infection, breathing difficulty and pneumonia


In cosmetic surgery, If the stitches are not secured well, a person who has just undergone surgery may develop hernia or experience internal bleeding.


Tissue death, known as necrosis is a rare complication of cosmetic surgery conducted in healthy persons. But heavy smokers are more susceptible to necrosis. Many Cosmetic surgeons do not perform cosmetic surgeries on the heavy smokers because of the delay or impaired healing. Special treatment after the surgery is necessary to remove the death tissues.

Nerve Damage

Nerve damage is another risk of cosmetic surgery and the person should be aware of before going cosmetic surgery. If a muscle functioning nerve is injured, it may lead to weakness and immobilization of that muscle. The major sign of nerve damage is numbness. Permanent numbness is rare, but does occur and with breast augmentation the occurrence is more common.

Risk to Eyes

If cosmetic surgery concerns with the eye, side effects, may arise including occasional blindness, damage to optical nerves, dryness in eyes, short term loss of eyelashes hair, damage to optic region muscles, Eye infection, Damage to optical blood vessels

Negative Results after cosmetic surgery

Negative results may occur after the surgery and it is a most important risk of cosmetic surgery.

If anything go wrong during the cosmetic surgery procedure, it can give negative and dissatisfying results. This may happen due to outdated surgical methods adopted by the surgeon or equipment used during the surgery or negligence of the surgeon. Resulted in another correction treatment.

It is very important to keep all these disadvantages or complications in mind which may occur during and after the cosmetic surgery, when you decide to undergo for cosmetic surgery.

The best way is to take an advice from an experienced cosmetic surgeon before deciding to go for a cosmetic surgery. And you must clear your doubts regarding the benefits and damages followed by cosmetic surgery.


Howliven.com is a free health portal. People from all over the world can share their experience and advice regarding the everyday essential health issues in this health blog. The articles shared on this website only for general knowledge and informational help, not the ultimate treatment of any health issue. Please consult with your doctor before taking any supplement or medicine.

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