Diabetes is a disease that affects challenging millions of people worldwide. If not controlled, it will lead to declining health and other serious problems.
What is this disease?
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which the insulin is not produced the enough amounts inside your body, or cannot use insulin. Typically, starches, sugars and other nutrients are broken down into glucose, and blood is transferred to the cells. The cells use insulin, a hormone substance (hormone) secreted by the pancreas, helps glucose to be metabolized into energy. Without enough insulin or the insulin is not used properly, glucose increases in the blood and urine, this will cause a lot of health problems.
The cause of diabetes has not yet been clearly defined. Maybe due to family ties, for example, if a parent has diabetes, then their children will be more prone to diabetes. Another reason the lifestyle, including diet and exercise, also plays a significant role. Type 2 diabetes tends to occur more in people who are overweight.
Diabetes is growing and has influence on 285 million adults from all over the world – equivalent to 6.4% of the adult population worldwide. By 2030, this figure is forecast to rise to 438 million people or 7.8% of the adult population worldwide. The disease cost the cost of the disease. Besides hundreds of deaths, diabetes can weaken the heart’s function, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. Diabetes is often accompanied by heart disease, stroke, hypertension, kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, and amputation. Diabetes creating economic burdens due to increased incidence of the disease and the number of injuries associated with appearance. Currently, it is estimated the cost of health care around the world every year for diabetic patients at around 223 billion dollars, this figure is continuing to increase the incidence of new diabetes . International Diabetes Association estimates that the money spent on healing diabetes worldwide will be minimal of $ 561 billion in 2030.
Pre-diabetes, sometimes called “IGT” (glucose intolerance), or “IFG” (fasting glucose disorders), exists when glucose levels are too high compared to normal, but not enough high to qualify for the diagnosis of diabetes. If untreated, 40 to 50% of people with pre-diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years. International Diabetes Association (IDF) said that in 2003, the stock IGT (impaired glucose tolerance disorder) were present in the 314 million people (8.2% of adults) and up to 2025 it was estimated that this figure will increase to 472 million (9% of adults). In addition, the IDF data show that the residents in the different geographic areas the proportion of different pre-diabetes. Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific highest stand of adults with this condition, and the numbers are increasing rapidly in the eastern Mediterranean region the Middle East, and Africa. Indeed, the difference between pre-diabetes is also the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention United States recorded. The center also said that from 2005 to 2008, based on fasting glucose levels and A1C, 35% of American adults, 20 and older, have diabetes, of which half are aged 65 above.
The good news is that as with many cases of type 2 diabetes, who were diagnosed with pre-diabetes can be effectively resolved their status by making the habit more beneficial to health in everyday life: the implementation of changes in diet and physical exercise, and avoid smoking and excess alcohol consumption. In addition, overweight and obesity can also be improved, as can be done for dyslipidemia and hypertension. There is strong evidence suggesting that people with prediabetes can prevent or slow the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle and weight loss moderation.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 and Type 2
People with type 1 diabetes lack insulin, which means that the body produces insufficient insulin. Such kinds of flour, sugar (carbohydrates) eaten not be converted into energy. There are less than 10% of people with Type 1 diabetes is, and the majority of cases are diagnosed, children and young adults.
People with type 2 diabetes are insulin resistant. The body can produce some insulin, but it cannot metabolize glucose. About 85% to 95% of people with diabetes in the world are Type 2. Although Type 2 diabetes usually occurs earlier in the elderly, in recent years the disease usually occurs in younger people and both children.
Diabetes in pregnancy
Diabetes in pregnancy is an example of diabetes “conditional”. Diabetes “conditional” occurred involving certain medical conditions, for examples the certain genetic disorders, pancreatic disease, and pregnancy. However, even in the short term, women who have diabetes during pregnancy increases the risk of type 2 diabetes in later stages of life.
Glucose intolerance (IGT) or pre-diabetes.
Disorders glucose tolerance (IGT) means the ability to control the body’s glucose levels are not normal, but not decline to the level called diabetes. People with disorders of glucose have higher risk in getting the group of type 2 diabetes.
Complications of diabetes
Although the incidence of diabetes increased dramatically in the past few years, many people still do not know that they are sick. Here are some common symptoms of diabetes:
• More thirsty
• More frequent urination
• Weight lose, even when appetite sensation
• Tired lot
• Stimulation, infection, genital itching
• Blurred vision
Type 1 diabetes can progress rapidly, with obvious symptoms. Type 2 diabetes tends to progress more slowly, and the symptoms often associated with other medical conditions.
Early detection of diabetes helps increase chances of preventing or slowing the appearance of symptoms. Some of the symptoms mentioned above it seem normal, but if you see the emergence of just one symptom alone should also due to the appreciation of the medical staff.
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